VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) is the programming language of Excel and other Office programs. 1 Create a Macro: With Excel VBA you can automate tasks in Excel by writing so called macros. 2 MsgBox: The MsgBox is a dialog box in Excel VBA you can use to inform the users of your program.‎Create a Macro · ‎MsgBox · ‎Workbook and Worksheet Object · ‎Range Object. By Vangie Beal Abbreviated as VBA, Visual Basic for Applications is a programming language that is similar to Visual Basic, only it is embedded in an individual Microsoft application such as Excel or Access. Using VBA you can create macros or small programs that perform tasks within the Microsoft application. The VBA code in this article runs against an open Office application where many of the objects that the code manipulates are already up and.


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They are a conceptual map of the application and its capabilities.

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The definition of an object is called visual basic for applications class, so you might see these two terms used interchangeably. Technically, a class is the description or template that is used to create, or instantiate, an object.

Once an object exists, you can manipulate it by setting its properties and calling its methods.

Getting started with VBA in Office

If you think of the object as a noun, then the properties are the adjectives that describe the noun and the methods are the verbs that animate the noun. Changing a property changes some quality of appearance or behavior of the object.


Calling one of the object methods causes visual basic for applications object to perform some action. The VBA code in this article runs against an open Office application where many of the objects that the code manipulates are already up and running; for example, the Application itself, the Worksheet in Excel, the Document in Word, the Presentation in PowerPoint, the Explorer and Folder objects in Outlook.

Once you know the basic layout of the object model and some key properties of the Application that give access visual basic for applications its current state, you can start to extend and manipulate that Office application with VBA in Office.

Methods In Word, for example, you can change the properties and invoke the methods of the current Word document by using the ActiveDocument property of the Application object.

VBA Tutorial

This ActiveDocument property returns a reference to the Document object that is currently active in the Word application. You instruct a Document object to Save and it does not require any more input from visual basic for applications. If a method requires more information, those details are called parameters.

The following code runs the SaveAs method, which requires a new name for the file.

Visual Basic for Applications - Wikiversity

SaveAs "New Document Name. Here, the new name for the file is a parameter for the SaveAs method.

Properties You use the same syntax to set a property that you use to read a property. Visual basic for applications following code executes a method to select cell A1 in Excel and then to set a property to put something in that cell.

The object models are similar in all Office applications, but each is specific to the kind of documents and objects that it manipulates.

In the first line of the code snippet, there is the Application object, Excel this time, then the ActiveSheet, which provides access to the active worksheet. After that is a term not as familiar, Range, which means "define a range visual basic for applications cells in this way.

In other words, the first line of code defines an object, the Range, and runs a method against it to select it.

Visual Basic for Applications

The result is automatically stored in another property of the Application called Selection. The second line of code sets the Value property of Selection to the text "Hello World" and that value appears in cell A1.

The simplest VBA code that you visual basic for applications might simply gain access to objects in the Office application that you are working with and set properties.

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