Along with the FIDIC Red Book (the Conditions of Contract for Construction) This Second Edition of the FIDIC Silver Book maintains the principles of risk. This note highlights the key issues and commonly amended provisions of FIDIC's Silver Book . Request a free trial. To access this resource and. FIDIC Edisi Short Form of Contract (Green Book). FIDIC Documents Similar To FIDIC (Silver Book) - EPC Contract - Introduction to.


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In drafting Special Provisions, if clauses in the General Conditions are to be replaced or supplemented and before incorporating any example wording, Employers are urged to seek legal and engineering advice in an effort to avoid ambiguity and to ensure completeness fidic silver book 1999 consistency with the other provisions of the contract.

The charts are illustrative, however, and must not be taken into consideration in the interpretation of the Conditions of Contract. Just recently the German legislator has enacted a privilege that partially makes Part B of the contracting rules for governmental contracts immune against judicial review.


However, German courts are allowed to review the Vergabe- und Vertragsordnung part B in the event that a consumer is a party to the contract.

Thus, the main German law books on construction law do not even treat contract based risk assessment and risk allocation as a topic or issue because it does not seem worth to talk about.

Instead the German legal risk allocation concept as to a locatio conductio fidic silver book 1999 contract Werkvertrag will be accepted as a given fact. This does not mean that Germans are not aware of the risks inherent to a construction contract.

FIDIC Silver Book | Practical Law

They have to understand that German law and German standard forms are not necessarily the only possible approach in respect to risk allocation.

To the contrary of current German practise they have to take into consideration different risk allocation philosophies and concepts by learning the internationally recognized principles of risk apportionment, such as 1 risks should be allocated to the fidic silver book 1999 that is in the position to control them and 2 risks should not be allocated to a party that is unable to bear the consequences of a potential risk becoming reality.

  • FIDIC Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver Book): 2nd Edition | RIBA Bookshops
  • FIDIC Silver Book (1999)

These risk sharing fidic silver book 1999 have been beneficial for both parties, the Employer signing a contract at a lower price and only having further costs when particular unusual risks actually eventuate, and the Contractor avoiding pricing such risks which are hard to evaluate.

These risk sharing principles are continued in the new updated versions of the Red and Yellow Books. During recent years it has fidic silver book 1999 noticed that much of the construction market requires a form of contract where certainty of final price, and often of completion date, are of extreme importance.

FIDIC contracts—introduction to the Silver Book - Lexis®PSL, prac

Employers on such turnkey projects are willing to pay more - often considerably more - for their project if they can be more certain that the agreed final price will not be exceeded. Among such projects can be found many projects financed by private funds, where the lenders require greater certainty about a project's costs to the Employer than is allowed for under the allocation of risks provided for by FIDIC's traditional forms of contracts.

Often the construction project the EPC - Engineer, Procure, Construct - Contract is only one part of a complicated commercial venture, and financial or other failure of this construction project will jeopardize the whole venture. For such projects it is necessary for the Contractor to assume responsibility for a wider range of risks than under the traditional Red and Yellow Books.

To obtain increased certainty of the final price, the Contractor is often asked to cover such risks as the occurrence of poor fidic silver book 1999 unexpected ground conditions, and that what is set out in the requirements prepared by the Employer actually will result in the desired objective.

EPC/Turnkey Contract 1st Ed ( Silver Book) | International Federation of Consulting Engineers

If the Contractor is to carry such risks, the Employer obviously must give him the time and opportunity to obtain and consider all relevant information before the Contractor is asked to sign on a fixed contract price.

The Employer must also realize that asking serious contractors to price such risks will increase fidic silver book 1999 construction cost and result in some projects not being commercially viable.

Even under such contracts the Employer does carry certain risks such as the risks of war, terrorism and the like and the fidic silver book 1999 risks of Force Majeure, and it is always possible, and sometimes advisable, for the Parties to discuss other risk sharing arrangements before entering into the Contract.

In the case of BOT Build - Operate - Transfer projects, which are normally negotiated as a package, the allocation of risk provided for in the turnkey construction Contract negotiated initially between the Sponsors and the EPC Contractor may need to be adjusted in order to take into account the final allocation of all risks fidic silver book 1999 the various contracts forming the BOT package.

fidic silver book 1999 Apart from the more recent and rapid development of privately financed projects demanding contract terms ensuring increased certainty of price and performance, it has long been apparent that many employers, particularly in the public sector, in a wide range of countries have demanded similar contract terms, at least for turnkey contracts.

Due to the high level of risk transfer the Fidic silver book 1999 must allow time sufficient time in its procurement programme for the Contractor to obtain and consider all relevant information before executing the contract.

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