This constitution should guarantee respect of people's rights and liberties and provide the of Constitutional Law, The Tunisian Constitution in Its 40th anniversary – Tunis: Center of Economic and Social Researches and Studies. La mouture de la Constitution élaborée par les diverses conserve son énoncé ambivalent de – «la religion de la Tunisie est l'islam» -. Code de la nationalité tunisienne du 22 avril (tel que modifié). Constitution de la République Tunisienne du 1er juin (dans sa teneur modifiée).
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The dictionary section has over cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. The Council of Ministers meet on convocation by the Prime Minister, who fixes the agenda.
Overall executive constitution tunisie 1959 is exercised by the President of the Republic who is the Head of State, representing its unity, securing its independence and continuity.
Constitution of Tunisia
The President of the Republic is elected by general, free, secret constitution tunisie 1959 direct elections. Legislative branch Legislative power is vested in a single Assembly of Representatives.
Members are elected by universal suffrage for a term of five years. Members enjoy parliamentary immunity but are subject to arrest in case of a flagrant delicto.
Voting in the assembly is personal and may not be delegated. The assembly can through the initiative of a constitution tunisie 1959 of its members vote to impeach the President for grave violations against the Constitution Judicial branch The judiciary is divided into four branches.
Firstly, there is the ordinary judiciary headed by a Supreme Court Cassation which constitution tunisie 1959 with criminal and civil appeals from lower courts falling within this branch.
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Tunisia's Constitution represented one of the few in the Arab Muslim world that did not refer to Shari'a constitution tunisie 1959 a basis for the governing law, although it did provide that the nation's religion is Islam. Initially, the drafters discussed whether to add a provision that would cite Shari'a as "a" or "the constitution tunisie 1959 source of governing law.
This suggestion fueled an intense debate.
Ultimately, the Ennahda Party changed its position and officially stated that it did not support a reference constitution tunisie 1959 Shari'a. Its religion is Islam, its language is Arabic and its form of government is a republic.
Women's rights and secular-leaning groups have been particularly concerned about safeguarding women's rights in the new Tunisia. The August draft fell short and was strongly criticized.
It provided that women had "a role complementary" to men in the family. The June draft provides that "All citizens, male and female alike, have equal rights and duties and are equal before the law, with no discrimination.
Judges were punished if they did not rule in conformity with the regime's wishes. Consequently, a central debate has centered on the composition of the critical body charged with appointing, assigning, disciplining, and removing judges: Ali Ben Ghedhahem was killed in It was adopted on 1 June It bestows certain constitution tunisie 1959 on the people, including the right of ownership and right to confidentiality in personal correspondence excluding cases of suspected criminal activity.
Constitution tunisienne de 1959
Constitution tunisie 1959 of [ edit ] Main article: Tunisian Constitution of On 23 Octobera Constituent Assembly was elected to draft the text of a new constitution.
On 16 December they issued a constitutive law Law on the provisional organization of public authorities, which superseded the Constitution tunisie 1959 Decree of 23 March and the constitution. Mohamed-Salah Omri, a professor at St. John's College, University of Oxford said, with regards to post revolutionary transitional period, that "the transfer of power in the early days of and the several transitional phases since then reveal much about the power of constitutionalism in the country.